Realm of the Ring Lords

 Transcription of a Talk by Sir Laurence Gardner

 About the Speaker: Sir Laurence Gardner, Kt St Gm., KCD, KT St A., is an
 internationally known sovereign and chivalric genealogist. He holds the
 position of Prior of the Celtic Church of the Sacred Kindred of Saint
 Columba, and is distinguished as Le Chevalier Labhr'n de Saint Germain
 and Preceptor of the Knights Templars of Saint Anthony. Sir Laurence is
 also Presidential Attach’e to the European Council of Princes (a
 constitutional advisory body established in 1946), and Chancellor of the
 Imperial and Royal Court of the Dragon Sovereignty. He is formally
 attached to the Noble Household Guard of the Royal House of Stewart,
 founded at St Germain-en-Laye in 1692, is the Jacobite Historiographer
 Royal by Appointment and is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of

 Correspondence for Sir Laurence Gardner should be sent to him care of his
 postal address: Columba House, PO Box 20, Tiverton EX16 5YP, UK.

                          The Realm of the Ring Lords is a Lecture Presented at the Nexus
                      Conference - Sydney, May 1999. What follows is Part I & II.

                           (A personal introduction given by Sir Laurence Gardner at the beginning
                           of the Lecture)

                           It seems like hardly any time since I was here. It’s only ten months ago,
                           I guess, but in the past few months Genesis of the Grail Kings has been
                           completed, published and is already making a significant impact in
                           Britain with launches now taking place further afield.

                           Duncan has asked me to begin by giving some background about myself once
                           again. I am involved with a number of organizations - the Celtic Church
                           being one in particular, for which I’m the Grand Prior in Britain (that
                           is, the Celtic Church of the Sacred Kindred of St.Columba). Not
                           necessarily that the established Church organizations like the Celtic
                           movement very much, but that’s the way of it. I am also appointed as a
                           Presidential Attaché to an organization called The European Council of

                           The Council was founded in 1946, directly after the War, and the object
                           was fairly straightforward. (In fact, some of the financing actually came
                           from this country [Australia], and a lot from America as well. It was at
                           a time when there was a tremendous fear about the build-up of further
                           extremist right-wing factions, and there was also the fear that the
                           communist left-wing might take a hold in Europe. It was decided,
                           therefore, to set up a watchdog committee called The International
                           Council of Government, whose brief was to keep an eye on things and,
                           once the European Common Market came into being, it became much
                           more involved with that from the 1960s.

                           The Council quite liked the idea of the trading agreements and the
                           general mutuality, although it doesn’t like things too much in the way
                           they have now developed within the European Union. About ten years ago,
                           the Council changed its name to become The European Council of Princes.
                           With the eventual establishment of the European Parliament, there could
                           hardly be a Council of Government as well. In fact, the Council was not a
                           government at all: it was simply an advisory body consisting of
                           thirty-three European Royal Houses, these might be reigning houses,
                           dispossessed houses or deposed houses but, what ever the case, various
                           princes and princesses of these families formed the Council. For the
                           longest time now, their objective has been a very simple one, and that is
                           to look after the constitutional clauses within the various nations
                           states (European countries, with the exception of Britain, have Written
                           Constitutions). And so, when the European Parliament decides to enact
                           this new law or impose that new dictate, the Council of Princes is able
                           to say, “Look, you can’t actually do that because it contravenes, say,
                           clause 7 in subsection (b) of the Constitution of this or that country”.

                           The Council of Princes is not especially political - it is more of a
                           social Council in practice; and I am appointed as an Attaché by virtue of
                           the fact that its President since 1992 has been HRH Prince Michael of
                           Albany, the current heir to the Royal House of Stuart - the House that
                           was deposed in Britain since 1688.

                           The House of Stuart, having taken over the presidency of the Council from
                           the House of Habsburg-Austria, related it to its one-time Royal Academy,
                           which was a very scientific establishment. In fact, in the 1700s in
                           particular, it was highly Rosicrucian - very scientific and alchemical.
                           From the time of Robert the Bruce, the Chancellor of that organization
                           was given the title Prince Saint Germain. This title had little to do the
                           5th-century saint himself (except indirectly), but it had to do ultimately
                           with the Stuart Royal Court in France, at the Palace of Saint Germain.

                           The Chancellor title was changed in the 1700s to Count Saint Germain, and
                           in the 1890s it was changed again to become Chevalier Saint Germain. My
                           present title is that of Chevalier Saint Germain - which is where the
                           knighthood comes from. As distinct from an English knighthood, mine is a
                           Franco-Scott distinction attached to the Stuart Royal Court of France [as
                           ratified by King Louis XIV in 1692], in the key Noble Order of the Royal
                           Palace of Saint Germain-en-Laye, near Paris. Being a Stuart supporter, I
                           am not really a great fan of the House of Hanover, as you know. However,
                           I have now become attached to a particular Hanoverian establishment. The
                           oldest antiquarian society in the world, constituted by the House of
                           Hanover [by charter of King George III of Britain] in the middle 1700s,
                           is an association called the Society of Antiquaries which, in Scotland,
                           forms an adjunct to Historic Scotland - a Government department. Well as
                           a non-fan of the House of Hanover, I was privileged and delighted a few
                           months ago to be made a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
                           - so it rather looks as if I’ve been blessed to have a little bit of a foot in the
                           establishment’s academic camp.

                           Now, back to where we are today, I have to begin of course by thanking
                           Duncan and the Nexus team for affording me the opportunity to link my
                           first Australian visit for the new book, Genesis of the Grail Kings, with
                           the Nexus conference. And I would like to thank those of you who, since I
                           was last here, have written to me. Some of you may have had a reply by
                           now, my correspondence was more or less up to date around Christmas, but
                           it has fallen behind again. So, if you’re still waiting, please bear with
                           me; I will respond.

                           I first began to talk publicly about the subject matter of Genesis of the
                           Grail Kings back in October 1997 and, indeed, we covered a good deal of
                           related ground at the Nexus Conference last July. So, with the book now
                           completed and published, I guess the time has now come to move on to
                           other things in preparation for future works.

                           Originally, and beginning with Bloodline of the Holy Grail, I had planned
                           for a series of three books on the Grail theme, covering some 6000 years
                           of Messianic inheritance from the time of Adam, through King David and
                           Jesus, down to the present day. However, in the course of compiling this
                           genealogical descent and its fascinating history, the concept for another
                           book has arisen. This has come about more by popular demand than by
                           strategic planning, and I have become so enthused with the idea that
                           there will now be four books in this particular series. It is, in fact,
                           about this additional book (rather than the apparent Genesis successor)
                           that I would like to speak today.

                           Bloodline of the Holy Grail covers an historical period, from the time of
                           Jesus, through the past 2000 years. Subsequently, Genesis of the Grail
                           Kings was written to answer the most asked of all resultant readers'
                           questions: 'Why was the Grail Bloodline so important in the first place?
                           Why was the kingly line which descended to Jesus and beyond so unique
                           from the outset in old Mesopotamian times? This was the subject which we
                           discussed here last year, and we saw how the Messianic succession of
                           Grail dynasts (or Dragon Kings) was alchemically conceived and
                           purpose-bred for the role of earthly leadership. We looked at the records
                           of ancient Sumer, which talked of the Anunnaki gods and their 'creation
                           chamber'. We saw how the great vulcans of the era produced the enigmatic
                           Highward Fire-stone (the white powder of monatomic gold) that was used to
                           feed the Light-bodies of the Babylonian kings and Egyptian pharaohs. And
                           we saw how this substance, when ingested, had stunning effects on the
                           body's endocrinal system.

                           Ultimately, we followed the senior line of royal descent (a line that was
                           genetically determined by the Mitochondrial DNA of the Dragon Queens)
                           down to the time of Moses. And we visited the Temple, discovered in 1904
                           high on the Bible's Mount Horeb, where the monatomic Fire-stone was made.
                           Now we shall take a look at the wider scheme of things in terms of the
                           folklore and fable which have emanated from the alchemical realm of the
                           Pendragons. And we shall consider, in particular, the long-standing
                           disputes which have prevailed between the sacred Bloodline and the Church

                           These stories and their historical roots (whether portrayed in fairy
                           tale, nursery-rhyme or Gothic romance) will form the basis of a
                           forthcoming book, entitled Ring Lords of the Dragon Beyond the Portal of
                           the Twilight Realm. So, today, we shall be looking at the world of
                           enchantment, with a little myth, a little magic and a good deal of
                           historical fact, as some of the characters of popular legend take their
                           place on the stage of reality. And, at the conclusion of this talk, we
                           shall open the door to one of the most intriguing, but suppressed,
                           secrets of our heritage.

                           On the face of it, the Grail-related stories (whether of Cinderella,
                           Robin Hood, Sleeping Beauty or Count Dracula) each hold their separate
                           mysteries and enchantments - but it is not generally understood that they
                           all stem from a common historical base which is rooted in the culture of
                           the Grail Kings. Even though some of the themes have their origins in
                           very old lore, the majority of tales (as we know them) were newly slanted
                           from the Dark Ages onwards - and especially from medieval times, when the
                           Church's persecution of Grail heretics was in full swing, leading to the
                           great Inquisitions.

                                            The Classic Fairytale "Sleeping Beauty"

                           Among the best known of these heterodox Christians (or 'heretics') in the
                           Middle Ages were the Cathars - the Pure Ones of the Languedoc region in
                           southern France. And they, in line with the Dragon tradition of the
                           Ouroboros Ring Lords, referred to the Messianic bloodline as the Elven
                           Race. As we shall see, the terms elf, fairy, pixie and the like were all
                           representative of various castes within the kingly succession.

                           The Ouroboros (as detailed in Genesis of the Grail Kings) was a symbol of
                           wholeness, unity and eternity - usually identified by a serpent (in the
                           form of a ring) clutching its own tail. With a cross positioned beneath
                           the ring, the emblem becomes the familiar device of the female - the
                           Venus symbol (as portrayed on the cover of Genesis of the Grail Kings).

                           Alternatively, with a cross positioned above the ring, it becomes the
                           masculine Orb of sovereign regalia. And, with the cross positioned within
                           the ring, it becomes emblematic of the Holy Grail itself - identified as
                           the Dew-cup, or the Rosi-crucis. In the Cathar language of old Provence,
                           a female elf was an (elbe) - and Albi was the name given to the main
                           Cathar centre in Languedoc. This was in deference to the matrilinear
                           heritage of the Grail dynasty - for the Cathars were supporters of the
                           original Albi gens - the 'elven bloodline', which had descended through
                           the Dragon Queens of yore, such as Lilith, Miriam, Bathsheba and Mary
                           Magdalene. It was for this reason that, when Simon de Montfort and the
                           armies of Pope Innocent III descended upon the region in 1209, it was
                           called the Albigensian Crusade.

                           Through some thirty-five years, tens of thousands of innocent people were
                           slaughtered in this brutal campaign - all because the inhabitants of the
                           region were champions of the original concept of Grail kingship, as
                           against the pseudo-style of monarchy which had been implemented by the
                           papal machine. In practical terms, Church kingship prevailed from the 8th
                           century and it has continued, through the ages, to the present day. But
                           the fact is that, under the strict terms of Sovereign practice, all such
                           monarchies and their affiliated governments have been illegitimate.

                           So, what is Church kingship? It is precisely that with which we have
                           become so familiar. It applies to all monarchs who achieve their regnal
                           positions as a result of Church coronation - by the Pope or, in Britain,
                           by the Archbishop of Canterbury. In terms of true kingship, there is no
                           necessity for coronation because kingly and queenly inheritance are, and
                           always were, 'in the blood' - to be precise, in the Mitochondrial DNA of
                           the Sangreal. In the old scheme of things, kingship was automatic because
                           it was an alchemical inheritance which, in practice, had nothing to do
                           with ruling over anyone or anywhere. By virtue of an illegal dictate,
                           however, monarchies were brought under Church control and the magical
                           Realm of the Ring Lords was supplanted by the material and territorial
                           reigns of the papal kings.

                           One might ask why this was allowed to happen. Why did no one stand up for
                           the legacy of the Holy Grail? Well, the fact is they did; the Cathars
                           did, the Knights Templars did, the Rosicrucians did. Indeed, any number
                           of gnostic groups and fraternities did - and it was this open support
                           which led to the hideous tortures and executions of the papal
                           Inquisitions and witch-hunts that persisted through so many generations.

                           By the Middle Ages, the Church controlled the majority of European
                           monarchies (with Scotland a notable exception - as a result of which King
                           Robert the Bruce and the whole Scottish nation were excommunicated). The
                           Church, therefore, influenced governments, parliaments and educational
                           establishments (as it still does today). And, by implication if not by
                           direct instruction, the military forces of the pseudo-kings operated at
                           Church command. The Church held such enormous financial, political and
                           military power that the Grail adherents became an 'underground stream' -
                           living in fear of their lives at every turn.

                           They were not only heretics, they were singled out for punishment as
                           sorcerers and, since they did not conform to papal dictates, they were
                           clearly satanists! The women, of course, were all whores - but this was
                           nothing new; the Roman Church had forged this dogmatic classification at
                           the time of its earliest constitution!

                           Before looking at some aspects of the Ring legacy, it is important to
                           consider the original document which made Church kingship possible in the
                           first place. In this context, I do not use the word 'important' lightly,
                           because the implementation of this particular document some 1248 years
                           ago led to just about every social injustice that has since been
                           experienced in the Christian world. The document to which I refer is
                           called The Donation of Constantine. All monarchical and governmental
                           practice has, for centuries, been based upon the initial precept of this
                           charter but, as we shall see, the precept is wholly invalid.

                           There are those in our midst today who, under the dynastic rule of Grail
                           entitlement, are rightful kings and queens. But many of the dynasties
                           which have actually reigned have done so with little or no sovereign
                           heritage. They have gained their positions simply because it suited the
                           Church to crown them as its puppet representatives. Moving forwards in
                           history from the pharaohs of Egypt, from the Davidic Kings of Judah and
                           the Dragon Kings of Scythia, we arrive in the Dark Ages with the Celtic
                           kingdoms of Europe and, essentially, for the purposes of this story, with
                           the Fisher Kings in Gaul (which later became France).

                           It is because of this continuing period of Grail sovereignty in the
                           Celtic realms that conventional history now refers to the 'Dark Ages' -
                           about which we are told there is so little documentary record. There is,
                           however, any amount of surviving material from the era. The period is
                           only 'dark' because the Church and the Imperial overlords decided to veil
                           it from scrutiny - removing documentary evidence from the educational
                           environment in order to perpetuate the myth that everything and everyone
                           outside the Roman establishment was ignorant and barbaric.

 As detailed in Bloodline of the Holy Grail, the Church of Rome (founded
 by Emperor Constantine the Great in the 4th century) had little to do
 with the Nazarene style of Christianity, which it officially superseded
 and had hitherto persecuted. It was an entirely new hybrid form of
 male-dominated 'churchianity' based upon a contrived Apostolic succession
 of popes.

 The separate Nazarene movement (often called the Celtic Church) continued
 in opposition under the direction of Grail dynasts from the family of
 Jesus - and they were styled the Desposyni, meaning Heirs of the Lord. At
 that time, the bloodline houses of the Desposyni held the reins of Dragon
 kingship in Europe - a tradition which the bishops of the Roman Church
 sought to undermine. They eventually managed this in the 8th century,
 when they deposed the Merovingian Fisher Kings of the Franks after some
 300 years of regional succession.

 With the sudden, contrived demise of this Grail dynasty in 751, a new
 style of kingship was introduced in the West - kingship not by any right
 of succession, but by individual decree of the Pope - and it was this
 which led to much of the fairy tale and folklore which is so familiar today.

 The new style of papal kingship was made possible by the so-called
 Donation of Constantine which, although now known to have been forged,
 was not open to debate at the time. When the Donation made its first
 appearance in the middle 8th century, it was alleged to have been written
 by Emperor Constantine 400 years earlier (although, strangely, never
 produced in the interim). It was even dated and carried his supposed
 signature. What the document proclaimed was that the Pope was Christ's
 elected representative on earth, with the power to 'create' kings as his

 The provisions were put into operation by the Vatican in 751, whereupon
 the long-standing Merovingians were deposed and a whole new dynasty was
 supplemented by way of a family who had, hitherto, been Mayors of the
 Royal Palace (the equivalent of Prime Ministers). They were dubbed
 Carolingians and their only king of any consequence (through some 236
 years) was the legendary Charlemagne.

 As a result of this strategy, the whole nature of monarchy changed from
 being an office of 'guardianship' to one of 'rule'. Henceforth, the papal
 monarchs were territorial governors rather than patriarchs of the people.
 By virtue of this monumental change, the long-standing Grail Code of
 princely service was forsaken and European kings became servants of the
 Church, which had the power to make them or break them. How do we know
 today that the Donation is a forgery? Well, there are many reasons, but
 the most obvious is that its New Testament references relate to the Latin
 Vulgate version of the Bible. This edition was translated and compiled by
 St Jerome, who was not born until the year 340 - some 26 years after
 Constantine (who died anyway in 337) supposedly signed the document!
 Indeed, there was more than half a century between Constantine's alleged
 signing and the appearance of the particular Latin Bible that was used in
 its content. Notwithstanding this, the language of the Donation was, in
 any event, that of the 8th century and bore no relation to the writing
 style of Constantine's day.

 The truly ridiculous aspect of all this is that the Donation was proved
 to be a forgery some 550 years ago, during the Renaissance, but its
 overwhelming dictate, which cemented the Pope as the supreme spiritual
 and temporal head of Christendom, has prevailed regardless. As explained
 in Genesis of the Grail Kings, the monarchs of the Grail succession were
 called Messiahs (Anointed ones) because, in the early days in Mesopotamia
 and Egypt, they were anointed with the fat of the sacred Messeh - the
 holy dragon (or crocodile). By virtue of this, they were also called
 Dragons. The Dragon (emblematic of wisdom) was the epitome of the Holy
 Spirit which, according to the Book of Genesis, moved upon the waters of
 time, while the Grail was the perpetual Blood Royal: the Sangreal.
 Originally, in old Mesopotamia, it was called the Gra-al - the sacred
 blood of the Dragon Queens - and it was said the be the 'nectar of
 supreme excellence'. The ancient Greeks called it Ambrosia.

 The concept of fairies (the fair folk) was born directly from this base,
 being a derivative of fey and relating especially to 'fate'. In the Celtic
 world, certain royal families (especially those of the Pendragons: Head
 Dragons) were said to carry the 'fairy blood' - that is to say, the fate or
 destiny of the Grail bloodline - while the elf-maidens of the albi-gens
 were the designated guardians of the earth, starlight and forest.

 But how was it that the dragons, fairies and elves of history became
 enveloped within a shroud of supernatural enigma? Why was it that their
 stories were moved from the world of reality into a domain of romance and
 nursery tale? What had all this to do with the Donation of Constantine?
 To answer these questions, we must now step through the Portal of
 Enchantment, into the Twilight Realm of the Shining Ones, for theirs is
 the enlightened Realm of the Ring Lords.

 Three Rings for the Elven Kings under the sky,
 Seven for the Dwarf Lords in their halls of stone.
 Nine for Mortal Men doomed to die.
 One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne,
 In the Land of Mordor where the shadows lie.

 One Ring to rule them all.
 One Ring to find them.
 One Ring to bring them all
 And in the darkness bind them
 In the Land of Mordor where the shadows lie.

 So it is cited by Gandalf the wizard in Tolkien's “The Lord of the Rings”
 - one of the most popular tales of all time.

 In essence, the contested ownership of the One Ring is little different
 to the enduring quest for the Holy Grail. Although presented from quite
 opposite standpoints, both are quests for the maintenance of sovereignty
 - but each has been misapplied at various stages of history by those who
 perceived the Ring and the Grail as power weapons. Hence, it was
 imperative (in the respective stories) that access to the Grail was
 protected by severe questions, just as it was essential to keep the One
 Ring from the evil Sauron of Mordor, who eventually lost his power when
 the Ring was destroyed in the fires of the Mount of Doom. There is,
 however, an essential difference between Tolkien's One Ring, which is
 portrayed as dark and divisive, and the Golden Ring of Grail romance,
 which is a ring of love and enlightenment.

 The latter was further symbolised by the iron-clad ring of knights who
 sat at the Round Table - a ring that was broken (leading the land into
 chaos and waste) when Arthur forsook the Celtic Code in favour of the
 Roman persuasion. (Or, as the later Christianized version of the story
 differently explains, when Guinevere was unfaithful to Arthur with

 It has been said, on occasions, that the great genius of the 19th-century
 composer Richard Wagner was that he recognized the Ring saga as a version
 of the Grail quest. However, if anything, the reverse is true. What he
 recognized was that the popular Holy Grail legends were, in fact,
 stylized retellings of the more traditional Ring Quest. Both Richard
 Wagner and Alfred, Lord Tennyson (in his Arthurian writings), understood
 that the Grail Quest was a spiritual aspect of the Ring Quest - but that,
 in essence, they were alike, if not the same. What they also recognized
 was the fact that both the Ring and the Grail could bring disaster,
 though by different means. The power of the Ring had to be withstood,
 otherwise it would enslave its master, whereas the power of the Grail
 would retaliate with vengeance if misused. Either way, the moral is the
 same in that, ultimately, power is self destructive when achieved through
 selling one's soul. Hence, the ouroboros Ring can be a halo or a crown -
 but it can equally become a noose.

 Adolf Hitler's fanatical obsession with finding the Hallows of Grail
 Castle was a prime example of this misconceived notion of power. In his
 search for the Hallows, he obtained an ancient lance (said to have been
 used by Charlemagne), which he insisted was the Longinus spear that
 pierced the side of Jesus at the Crucifixion. This, he reckoned, was the
 sacred Spear of Destiny, so revered in Grail lore. With this in his
 possession, Hitler was confident that his Empire would be as strong as
 that of Charlemagne. But legend had it that, after many great victories,
 Charlemagne was doomed to defeat from the moment he lost the magical
 weapon. And so it was that on 30 April 1945 - the very day when the
 American 7th Army, under General Patton, seized the lance from Nuremberg
 Castle, Adolf Hitler accepted his defeat and shot himself.

 Whether applied in fact or fantasy, the concept of the Ring and the Grail
 was such that it inspired hope for the social and natural environments.
 The Grail Hallows (the Sword, Chalice, Ouroboros and Spear) were
 traditionally regarded as tools of princely service but, when presumed to
 be weapons of power, they would always, one way or another, destroy the
 wielder from within. These Hallows were represented in the four suites of
 the Tarot's Minor Arcana as the Swords, Cups, Pentacles and Wands -
 subsequently to become the Spades, Hearts, Diamonds and Clubs that we
 know today.

 Throughout the best part of this Millennium, no organization has misused
 the Grail Chalice symbolism to greater effect than the Christian Church
 establishment. From the earliest times, the Rosi-crucis (the Chalice and
 wine of the Grail sacrament) was a prerogative of the Albi gens - being
 emblematic of the Blood Royal in the womb of the Dragon Queen. However,
 the Church has long misappropriated this aspect of the Hallows ceremony
 to become its Eucharistic power-weapon - supposedly to bind its followers
 into communion with ecclesiastical dogma. But, as time goes by, this very
 power is being seen to subside as the congregations diminish in the quest
 for greater truths and more substantial enlightenment from legitimate

 In William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, the queen of the
 fairies is Titania, whose name represents the pre-Olympian god-race of
 the Titans. In particular, she is the moon goddess Diana. Their king,
 Oberon, however, had an historical base, being inspired by an ancestor of
 Shakespeare's colleague, Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford. He was a
 founding member of Elizabeth Tudor's 16th-century Court Poetry and Magic
 Syndicate - along with Francis Bacon, John Dee, Edmund Spenser and others
 of the Rosicrucian 'underground stream', who aided and guided much of
 Shakespeare's work. Edward de Vere was, at that time, Lord Chancellor of
 England - as had been many generations of his forebears, including
 Albrey, the 12th-century Prince of Anjou and Guisnes, whose titular name
 (Albe-Righ) meant 'Elf King'.

 What the Syndicate knew full well was that, despite their loyalty to
 Elizabeth, the House of Tudor had no prior right to the English throne,
 having simply taken it, by might of the sword, from the preceding House
 of Plantagenet.

 That apart, the Plantagenets themselves were a junior branch of the House
 of Anjou, whose senior branch was the House of Vere. Indeed, in 1861, the
 noted royal historian, Baron Thomas Babington Macaulay, described the
 Veres as 'the longest and most illustrious line of nobles that England
 has ever seen'. Their ancestry was jointly Pictish and Merovingian,
 descending from the ancient Grail House of Scythia. Here was a true
 kingly line of the Elven Race, and it was for this reason that Oberon (a
 variant of Aubrey/Albrey, the historical Elf King) became Shakespeare's
 King of the Fairies. Such was the translatory nature of all Rosicrucian
 symbology, whether portrayed in stories, artwork, watermarks or the

 Sometime earlier, in 1408, Edward de Vere's ancestor, Richard (Lord
 Chamberlain and 11th Earl of Oxford), had been invested a Knight of the
 Garter by King Henry IV at Windsor Castle. Also invested, at the same
 time, was King Sigismund of Hungary, who had revived the ancient Egyptian
 Order of the Dragon, within which Richard de Vere held the hereditary
 distinction of Lord Draconis.

 One way or another, the nursery tales which emanated from the
 'underground stream' were stories of lost brides and usurped kingship -
 based upon the subjugation of the Grail bloodline by the Church of Rome
 and, in later times, by the sectarian Puritans of the Protestant movement.
 The Catholics had their Dominican Grand Inquisitor, Tom’s de Torquemada,
 and the Puritans had their equivalent in Matthew Hopkins, the Witchfinder
 General. Favoured executions, in each case, were hanging, drowning or burning
 at the stake, and the common command was: 'Kill them all; God will know his own'.

 The fairy tale concept was essentially geared to stories relating to
 these persecutions: allegorical accounts of the predicament of the true
 Royal Family - the Ring Lords of the Sangreal, whose fairies and elves
 (having been manoeuvred from the mortal plane of orthodoxy and status quo
 were confined to a seemingly Otherworld existence.

 They were tales of Grail princes who were turned into frogs; of Swan
 knights who roamed the wasteland, and of Dragon princesses locked in
 towers, or put to sleep for hundreds of years. In the course of their
 persecution, the elf-maidens were pricked with bodkins, fed with poisoned
 apples, or condemned to servitude - while their champions swam great
 lakes, battled through thickets, and scaled mighty towers to secure and
 protect the matrilinear heritage of the Albi-gens. These include such
 well-known stories as the Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, Snow White and
 Rapunzel. In all cases, the underlying theme is the same, with the
 Bloodline princess kept (through drugging, imprisonment or some form of
 restraint) out of reach of the Grail prince, who has to find and release
 her in order to preserve the dynasty and perpetuate the line.

 For the most part, the establishment of the 'Mother Church' was
 symbolized by a malevolent stepmother, an evil witch or some other
 jealous female with an opposing vested interest. Always, the stories are
 reminiscent of the Lost Bride of the King in the Old Testament's Song of
 Solomon. Their content also embodies the forlorn aspect of Mary
 Magdalene, the bride of Jesus, whose royal heritage and maternal legacy
 were so thoroughly undermined by the Christian bishops.

 An interesting feature of many classic fairy tales is that they truly are
 very old stories. Take Cinderella, for example. If asked who wrote
 Cinderella, many people would answer 'the Brothers Grimm'. Others will
 say 'Charles Perrault'. However, these men were not actually writers of
 fairy tales as is commonly thought. They were collectors, compilers and
 interpreters of the tales. The story of Cinderella can be traced back to
 the Carolingian era, with its first known version appearing in the year
 850. Perrault published his well-known edition in 1697 in France, while
 the Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm produced their German version in 1812.

 Over the years, many people have likened Tolkien's wizard, Gandalf, to
 Merlin of the Arthurian tales. At the same time, Tolkien's Aragorn has
 been likened to King Arthur but, as Tolkien himself pointed out, there
 was really a closer similarity between Aragorn and the historical
 Charlemagne. The challenge which faced Charlemagne (having been charged
 by the Church to establish a viable Empire from various disunited
 kingdoms) was not unlike that which confronted Aragorn, who reunited the
 divided kingdoms of Middle Earth. But there was a marked difference in
 practice - for Aragorn was far more like Arthur in having an advisory
 wizard, whereas Charlemagne did not, because the Church would not consent
 to counsellors outside its own appointees.

 Aragorn's was, therefore, more of a Celtic-style environment, with the
 enemy being the evil Sauron. Charlemagne, on the other hand, was a
 champion of the Roman Church, whose adversaries were the supporters of
 the unlawfully ousted Merovingian establishment - an establishment to
 which Aragorn would personally have been well suited.

 In the event, it became essential for the Church to settle some form of
 Ring entitlement upon Charlemagne, so that he was perceived to conform to
 the Dragon tradition. And so a suitable tale was invented to the effect
 that a serpent appeared at his court with a golden ring in its mouth - an
 enchanted ring that compelled him to love whoever's finger it was on. At
 this stage, it is of interest to note that a newly proposed three-film
 series of Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings is currently in its early
 stages of development. After some 18 months of negotiation with the
 American film company, Newline Cinema, the $260m contract has been
 acquired by the New Zealand film-maker, Peter Jackson. Various parts of
 New Zealand will, apparently, make ideal Middle Earth locations for the
 project, and it is hoped that the first film (based upon Book I of Tolkien's 1950s
 trilogy) will be released within the next couple of years. This film, The Fellowship
 of the Ring, will subsequently be followed by The Two Towers and The Return of the King.

 With a speaking cast of about sixty, and many thousands of extras, it has
 recently been rumoured that one of the key roles, that of Gandalf, is
 hotly tipped for Sean Connery. Given that The Lord of the Rings has been
 voted 'the most popular book of the century', and with stars of this
 calibre, we could well be looking at one of the first mammoth box-office
 attractions of the new Millennium.

 The composer Richard Wagner's personal association with Grail lore and,
 of course, his own famous Ring Cycle are well known. It is, therefore,
 very appropriate that one of the present hopeful contenders for The Lord
 of the Rings film score is Richard's own descendant, Adrian Wagner, who
 is now in touch with the film company in this regard. When Bloodline of
 the Holy Grail was released, I was heartened to learn that the Wagner
 Grail tradition of Lohengrin and Parsifal was still very much to the fore
 and, at that time, Adrian released an album in parallel with my book,
 called The Holy Spirit and the Holy Grail. Now, as a companion to my
 latest work, he has composed the compelling new musical suite, Genesis of
 the Grail Kings.

 One apparent fact about Tolkien's elven folk is that, unlike the cute
 little elves of many children's tales, these characters are actually
 larger and more powerful than average mortals. They are also endowed with
 greater powers of wisdom; they ride magical horses and closely resemble
 the ancient Irish king-tribe of the Tuatha D'e Danann. In this regard,
 Tolkien was quite accurate with his assessment of the original Ring Lords
 of the Albi gens who, in the far distant years BC, were called the Lords
 of the Sidh’e (pronounced, 'Shee').

 The Sidh'e was a transcendent intellect known to the druids as the Web of
 the Wise), while 'druid' (druidhe) was itself a Celtic word for 'witch' -
 an English form of the Saxon verb 'wicca', meaning to bend or yield, as
 indeed do willow and wicker. The Tuatha D'e Danann (or Dragon Lords of
 Anu) were masters of the transcendent Sidh'e, and were duly classified as
 'fates' or 'fairies'. Before settling in Ireland (from about 800 BC) they
 were the world's most noble race, alongside the early kings of Egypt -
 being the Black Sea princes of Scythia (now Ukraine). Like the original
 dynastic pharaohs, they traced their descent from the great Pendragons of
 Mesopotamia - and from them sprang the kingly lines of the Irish Bruithnigh
 and the Picts of Scotland's Caledonia. In Wales they founded the Royal House
 of Gwynedd, while in Cornwall (in the South West of England), they were the
 sacred gentry known as the Pict-sidh'e – from which derives the term 'pixie'.

 So, from a single caste of the original Blood Royal - whether known as
 the Sangr'eal, the Albi gens, or the Ring Lords - we discover many of the
 descriptive terms which sit at the very heart of popular folklore. For
 here, in this one noble race, we have the 'elves', 'fairies' and 'pixies'. Not
 beguiling little folk, but distinguished kings and queens of the Dragon
 succession. One of the most important Scythian words was uper, which meant
 'over' or 'above' - a word that we still use in today's English, in such definitions
 as 'superintendent' or 'supervisor'. In titular form, a Scythian Uper was an
 overseer or, more importantly, an Overlord - the equivalent of a Pendragon.

 Later, in the Hungarian and Romanian regions, the word gained the variant
 pronunciation, Oupire. Until the medieval fabrications of the Christian
 Church, there was nothing remotely sinister or supernatural about the
 definition Oupire - but this was eventually destined to change when the
 witch-hunts began, for the priest-kingly Oupires were, in the eyes of
 Rome, the equivalent of magian druids. They were, therefore, witches, and
 the Sidh'e definition (Web of the Wise) became newly dubbed as the Web of
 the Weird. In the main, outside the Celtic regions of Britain, the traditional
 Oupires had been apparent in the Balkan and Carpathian regions of Europe –
 having prevailed from Transylvania to the Black Sea in ancient times.

 They were, therefore, not only associated with witches, but with gypsies.
 The Church bishops and Inquisitional friars suspected them as being the
 ultimate rulers of the Land of Elphane - the twilight realm of fairy
 gold, magic springs and the abiding lore of the Greenwood - all of which
 were anathema to the Church. They were said to be wandering people of the
 night, who consorted with evil spirits and, at that stage, a new word was
 born into the language of Christian Europe. The word - a straightforward
 corruption of Oupire - was 'Vampire'.

 In addition to vampires, another classification was soon to enter the
 Inquisitional vocabulary as the Dominican blackfriars and the Franciscan
 greyfriars compiled their list of undesirables. They had now moved beyond
 the realm of ordinary heretics and pagans for, alongside their fabricated
 vampire myth, they conjured another form of shapeshifting phenomenon -
 the 'Werewolf'.

 Quite suddenly, there appeared to be no end to the fantastic creatures
 who were reckoned to stalk the streets and forests in search of
 unsuspecting victims - but the beauty of all this was that it had the
 effect of making people lean more heavily upon the Church, which was the
 only perceived route to salvation. These vampires and werewolves, it was
 said, could not be killed by conventional means. Even God was out of the
 picture, for only the power of Jesus Christ (the Saviour of humankind)
 could defeat these diabolical beings. They were portrayed as devils,
 demons and emissaries of Satan, who had to be exorcised and destroyed by
 the monks and clerics. And so the Church was in business with a whole new
 genre of scary folklore to counter the Grail Quest legends and esoteric
 artwork of the 'underground stream'.

 On the one hand there were the Albigensian tales of Swan princes, Dragon
 queens and Elf maidens - comprising the lore of the forgotten Bloodline
 and the Lost Bride - wherein knights and chivalric champions battled
 against all odds to preserve the sacred heritage of the Holy Grail. In
 these stories, there were wizards of the druidic school and wise hermits
 to guide the knights upon their journeys and missions. But nowhere in
 these tales of enchantment did a gallant priest or bishop ever ride to
 the aid of a damsel in distress, for the Church was, in practice, the

Part II

 At the 1545 Council of Trento, in Northern Italy, the bishops formally
 blacklisted and outlawed the Prophesies of Merlin - withdrawing all
 related material from the public domain. Then, in order to weigh the
 literary balance in the Church's favour, a new breed of writing was born,
 which came into its own as Gothic Romance. The premise behind these tales
 was not so much about saving victims, but rather more about destroying
 the enemies of contrived 'churchianity', with crucifixes galore and
 gallons of holy water being the essential weapons in the dreaded
 undertaking against the sinister 'evil ones.' Then, in time, the Christian
 movement had a wonderful idea for its own Merlin competitor - not a
 wizard as such, but an early Church bishop with canonized status. But,
 what a very strange choice thy made!

 Back in AD 325, one of the characters at Emperor Constantine's Council of
 Nicaea was a certain Nicholas, Bishop of Myra. At this Church conference
 the bishops were debating the nature of the Holy Trinity, and of how
 Jesus was not simply the Son of God, but was also God incarnate. The
 ageing Libyan priest, Arius of Alexandria, was not at all happy about
 this new concept and decided to make his feelings known But, when he rose
 to speak, Nicholas of Myra immediately punched him in the face!

 This, of course, brought the debate firmly back onto the required track -
 subsequent to which, the violent protagonist was rewarded for his effort
 and duly became Saint Nicholas. This titular name was later corrupted in
 parts of Europe to become Sinterklaas or Sintniklaus - and then, in the
 English-speaking countries, to 'Santa Claus'. Now, by virtue of a good
 deal of strategic propaganda, he is lovingly revered by children as the
 jolly gift-bearing Father Christmas - a far cry from the original vindictive
 bishop of historical record.

 Within the Celtic Church of the Dark Ages (in the days of Merlin and
 Taliesin), there had been some very prominent adepts of the old wisdom:
 abbots and culdees such as St David, St Patrick and St Columba - all of
 whom were denounced, in their day, by the Roman Church for their
 so-called wizardry and pagan beliefs. Even the later papal establishment
 regarded them all as necromancers and sorcerers - but this is not the way
 things are currently portrayed. Although the writings of Merlin were
 expressly banned by the Council of Trento, the teachings of David, Patrick
 and Columba were so firmly cemented in society that the Church pursued a
 different strategy of incorporation.

 A thousand years after the lifetimes of these druidic magi, the Vatican
 elected to bring them into the orthodox saintly fold so that the real
 truth of their Celtic environment would be overshadowed. Then, only a
 couple of years ago, the British Post Office and the Anglican Church
 joined forces to promote the gentle St Columba of the Celts alongside his
 bitter Catholic rival, St Augustine of Rome, who came to England with an
 express papal brief to destroy the Columban movement immediately after
 Columba's death in 597.

 Notwithstanding this historical fact, however, the 1400th anniversary
 postage stamps and substantially hyped propagandist material of 1997
 portrayed these two arch-enemies as if they had been blood brothers in a
 common cause - proving, beyond doubt, that new myths of 'churchianity'
 are still being created to this day.

 With regard to the werewolves, who were said to manifest at the height of
 the full moon, the definition were means, quite simply 'man' (hence,
 werewolf is 'man-wolf'), but it comes rather more precisely from an
 ancient high druidic caste of Wood Lords (called Weres or Wallans). Their
 totem animal was the wolf - just as other tribes were represented by,
 say, a boar or a horse. These totems were really no more than the early
 predecessors of heraldry, whereby families became identified by the
 animals, plants, shells and other devices on their banners.

 Historically, the Wallans became very influential, founding great kingly
 dynasties in Ireland, Wales and England. The great Cadwallan of Wales was
 of this druidic race, as was King Casswallan, the intrepid son of Beli
 Mawr - the greatest of all the sovereign Wood Lords in about 100 BC.

 Other totems, of course, were the various god and goddess representations,
 and it is especially relevant that one of these still holds a prime British national
 position today, having persisted though the centuries from the early culture of
 the Wood Lords.

 The original Wallans were apparent in Mesopotamia around 3800 years ago,
 in about 1800 BC. They were called the Yulannu, which meant, quite simply,
 Wood Lords. Indeed, it was from their culture that the original Yule tradition
 derived, subsequently making its way across Europe to Scandinavia.

 The venerated Goddess of the Yulannu was Barat An-na (Great Mother of the
 Fire-stone). The Sumerians called her Antu. She was the wife of the god, Anu,
 and the mother of Enki.* In later times, she was identified with Diana of Ephesus
 (Diana of the Nine Fires). The cult of Barat An-na spread across Syria into the
 Phoenician kingdom, where they began to portray her on their coins. In these
 representations, she sat by the sea-shore with a torch of fire, and at her side was
 a round shield bearing the cross of the Rosi-crucis.

 Along with the Wallan druids, the culture of Barat An-na was brought to
 the British islands, where her name became compacted to Bratanna. And in
 those islands, her image persisted to the extent that she became the great tribal
 goddess - a goddess who, despite all the emergent centuries of Christianity, has
 prevailed to this very day. Her image on the coins has barely altered, except that
 her flaming torch became a lighthouse, and the Rosi-crucis cross of her shield was
 amended to become the Union Jack. But, after all this time, she is still the Mother
 Goddess of the land - the Lady of the Fire-stone: 'Britannia'.

 Earlier, I mentioned the mighty King Casswallan, who reigned in Britain
 at about the time of King Herod the Great. By virtue of being the son of
 of the great Beli Mawr, he was not only a Wood Lord, but was also a Ring
 Lord of the Cassi - Hence, he was Cassi-Wallan or Casswallan.

 The Cassi tribes were also from Mesopotamia, prior to which (having
 previously settled in the northern Zargos Mountains along with the
 Yulannu) they were Carpathian princes of the Sidhé. They were, in fact,
 of the Tuatha Dé Danann fairy strain. They reigned in regional
 Mesopotamia from the 18th century BC and, from about 1600 BC, they
 governed all Babylonia for another 500 years.

 This particular race developed one of the oldest Ring cultures in history
 and, in ancient Ireland, they were the sacred race of the God-men - the
 'Vere-Bolg'. The greatest of their Ring shrines still exists today - known as
 Newgrange - originally a sacred royal seat identified as a Rath. These shrines
 (or 'fairy-rings') were called the Creachaire (or temple-tombs) and they housed
 the Raths - which were turf-built mound dwellings, constructed upon a
 framework of poles.

 In later times, they were called Tepes (pronounced 'Tepesh') - akin to
 the the American Indian Tepee - and they were reckoned to be Portals to
 the Netherworld - the sacred domain of ancestral souls. It is from this
 mound-dwelling practice that the tribal name of the Cassi kings evolved -
 for a Cassi was a 'Place of Wood'. They were the seats of the Portal Guardians:
 the Oupires - the Ring Lords of the Sidhé who, as we saw earlier, were later
 dubbed Vampires.

 One of history's best known Grail fairies was Princess Melusine, daughter
 of the Pictish King, Elinas of Alba - a descendant of the 2nd-century
 King Vere of Caledonia, Lord of the Dragon. In the year 733, Melusine
 (maintaining the family heritage) married Rainfroi de Vere, Prince of
 Anjou, and among their offspring was Count Maelo, the commander of
 Emperor Charlemagne's army. From Maelo's own marriage to Charlemagne's
 sister, sprang the Vere Counts of Guisnes who, as previously mentioned,
 were the reputed Elf-kings and became England's Great Chamberlains and
 Earls of Oxford.

 In the Arthurian and Magdalene traditions of the Ladies of the Lake (as
 discussed in Bloodline of the Holy Grail), Melusine was a 'fountain fey'
 - an enchantress of the Underwood. Her fountain at Verrières en Forez was
 called Lusina (meaning 'light bringer'), from which derived the name of
 the Royal House of Lusignan - the Crusader Kings of Jerusalem. The Fount
 of Melusine was said to be located deep within a thicket wood in Anjou,
 and she was often depicted as a mermaid, as she is still beguilingly
 portrayed in an old painting at Count Dracula's Bran Castle in Romania.

 In the 12th century, Melusine's descendant, Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of
 Oxford and legal pretender to the Earldom of Huntingdon, was appointed as
 King Richard I's Steward of the forest lands of Fitzooth. As Lord of the
 Greenwood and titular Herne of the Wild Hunt, he was a popular people's
 champion of the Sidhé heritage - as a result of which he was outlawed for
 taking up arms against King John. It was he who, subsequently styled
 Robin Fitzooth, became a prototype for the popular tales of Robin Hood.

 Of all the monarchs who ever sat upon the Throne of England, the Tudor
 Queen, Elizabeth I, was by far the most in tune with ancient cultures and
 wood lore. She was even called the 'Fairie Queen' and, before being
 formally crowned, she was installed by the people as their Queen of the
 Greenwood. This was an ancient ritual of the Shining Ones - the elven
 race of the Albi gens. The ceremony was conducted in the mist of early
 dawn in the depths of Windsor Forest and, to facilitate the installation,
 the customary Robin Hood legacy of the House of Vere was brought into play.

 At that time the Queen's Lord Chamberlain was Edward de Vere of Loxley,
 17th Earl of Oxford, and it was his office to invest Elizabeth by first
 deposing the Caille Daouine. This was the traditional King of the Forest
 (whose name had given rise to Scotland's Pictish realm of Caledonia) -
 the mighty Stag of the Seven Tines, upon whose back Lord Vere rode into
 the ceremonial clearing.

 Edward de Vere of Oxford was a friend and student of the Rosicrucian
 alchemist and Secret Service operative, John Dee, and he worked closely
 with the statesman and philosopher, Francis Bacon (later Viscount St
 Albans). Between them (along with others) they comprised the Royal Court
 Syndicate, which was responsible for providing much of the material for
 the works of their playwright colleague, William Shakespeare.

 As mentioned in connection with Melusine, fountains, springs and water in
 general were always associated with the Ring Lord female line. This stems
 from the very earliest times of the Anunnaki, whose founding mother (as
 explained in ancient Mesopotamian literature) was Tiâmat the sea-dragon.
 In later times these queens were commonly represented as mermaids (mere
 maids), and were often called Ladies of the Lake. This was a style granted to
 Mary Magdalene when she had settled in Provence from AD 44.

 While the male descendants of her and Jesus became the noted Fisher Kings
 in Gaul, the female line retained its Dragon Queen status, in a quite separate
 dynasty, as the matriarchal Queens of Avallon in Burgundy. They were known
 as the House del Acqs (the House of the Waters) and among their number was
 the great 6th-century Queen Viviane, revered as the Lady of the Lake in Arthurian
 romance. This heritage was so important to the Celtic Church that, when King
 Kenneth MacAlpin united the Scots and Picts in 844, his extant installation
 document made special mention of his descent from the Queens of Avallon.

 The true significance of King Arthur was his immediate joint descent in both the
 male and female lines of the Albi gens. His father was King Aedàn of Dalriada, the
 Pendragon of Britain in the year 559 – a descendant of the Wood Lord, Beli Mawr.
 His mother was Ygerna del Acqs, the daughter of Queen Viviane, whose grandson
 (by Ygerna's sister, Viviane II) was the legendary Lancelot del Acqs. Ygerna
 (sometimes called Igraine in the Grail tradition) was the High Queen of the Celtic
 kingdoms and her daughter, Morgaine (by her first husband, Gwyr Llew of Carlisle),
 was High Priestess of the Sisters of Avallon.

 There have, over the years, been any number of speculations concerning the historical
 Arthur, but these are mainly fronted by tourist establishments endeavouring to claim the
 Arthurian heritage for their particular parts of England or Wales. The fact is, however,
 that (in line with the traditional accounts) there was only ever one High King of Britain
 called Arthur. There was only ever one Arthur born as the son of a Pendragon. There was
 only ever one Arthur whose mother was Igraine of Avallon and whose grandmother was the
 recognized Lady of the Lake. There was only ever one Arthur with a son named Modred, and
 there was only ever one Arthur with a sister called Morgaine (or Morganna as some of the
 stories refer to her). In this regard, the old annals of Scotland and Ireland, along with the
 records of the Ceeltic Church, are unanimous in identifying Arthur mac Aedàn of Dalriada.
 He was invested as Sovereign Commander and High King in the year 575 by the druid,
 Merlin Emrys, and his primary seat was at Carlisle in the north of England, from where he
 controlled the military defence of the English-Scottish Border country.

 Reverting, once more, to the Raths (or royal mound dwellings), we should perhaps consider
 the fact that, as mentioned, these Portals to the Netherworld were called Tepes - for this was
 the very style afforded to one of the most enigmatic of all Gothic figures - Count Dracula.
 Historically, and quite outside the Christian propagandist mythology which surrounds the
 vampire character of Bram Stoker's famous novel, Dracula was Prince Vlad III of Wallachia,
 who is often referred to as Vlad Tepes.

 Since the word 'Tepes' relates to wooden poles, it is often thought that Vlad's descriptive
 nickname relates to his individual method of executing enemies of the State by impaling
 them upon wooden stakes. Hence, Vlad Tepes is sometimes said to mean Vlad the Impaler.
 This, however, is completely untrue. He was called 'Tepes' (as were many other druidic
 elders before him) because, within the ancient Ring Lord culture of the Sidhé, he was an
 appointed Creachaire Portal Guardian.

 Vlad Tepes, a 15th-century Prince in Romania, founded the capital city of Bucharest.
 His popularised name, Dracula, means, 'Son of Dracul', and Dracul (or Dragon) was a
 style by which his father was known within the Grail fraternity of the Ordo Draconis
 (The Imperial Court of the Dragon) from 1431. During this past century, ever since the
 1897 novel, Dracula, was published, Vlad has become an archetype of the Church-promoted
 Gothic tradition. However, the establishment's real fear of Dracula was not his harsh
 treatment of enemies, as is so often cited, nor that he was a blood-sucking vampire in the
 Stoker tradition. What they feared was his in-depth knowledge of alchemy and the fact
 that he was truly an operative Oupire - a venerated Overlord of the Rath - a Portal
 Guardian in the ancient Yulannu manner of the Ring Lords.

 Those of you who have read Bloodline of the Holy Grail, or maybe even Genesis of the
 Grail Kings, will be familiar with the terracotta portrayal of the Sumerian goddess,
 Lilith, from around 2000 BC. In this depiction (as in those of other Anunnaki hierarchy)
 Lilith is seen to be holding the Rod and Ring of Divinely Measured Justice. The Rod was
 actually an instrument of measure - and in some portrayals it is very clearly marked in
 calculable units (like a modern ruler). By Babylonian times, it was referred to as the Rule,
 and the one who held the Rule was the 'Ruler' - which is from where our governmental
 term derives.

 The Ring (as mentioned at the beginning of this talk) was a symbol of wholeness, unity
 and eternity. It represented a continuance of divine justice - a justice that was measured
 by the Rod (or Rule). Hence, the Ring was the ultimate insignia of the Anunnaki overlords –
 the enigmatic Oupires who were responsible for the establishment of municipal government
 and kingly practice - for they were the progenitors of civilization from about 4000 BC.

 In view of this, it is of particular interest to note that Tolkien answered (when asked
 about his book's Middle Earth environment) that he perceived its setting to relate to
 somewhere around 4000 BC. "The cauldron has always been boiling", he said, "We simply
 add new ingredients to the soup". In this respect, his popular tale, although enthralling,
 was not actually new in concept. From the earliest of European times, the Saxon god,
 Wotan (or Odin - the equivalent of the Sumerian Anu), was said to have ruled the world
 with eight rings – having one more, the ninth ring (the One Ring), to govern the others.

 During the medieval days of the Church's persecution of heretics and, indeed, through
 the Middle Ages and beyond, all manner of Grail-related subject matter fell prey to the
 wrath of the bishops and friars. Unsuspecting victims were accused of any number of
 apparently unsavoury practices, and any association with the Ring culture was proscribed.
 Indeed, when Joan of Arc was accused of witchcraft, one of the charges laid against her
 by the bishops was that she used magical rings for enchantment and curative purposes.
 As a result, she was burnt at the stake in 1431. But recently, in 1920, the Church
 reconsidered her case and she was pardoned and canonized!

 As detailed in Bloodline of the Holy Grail, not only were proscriptions  levelled against
 the Prophesies of Merlin - with a good deal of other literature confined to the supposedly
 'lost' coffers of the Dark Ages - but pictorial art also came under close scrutiny and many
 new rules were made. One of these was that the Virgin Mary must only be portrayed
 wearing blue and white (just as she is commonly depicted today). The reason for this was
 that other colours, especially the red of the cardinals, might have implied that she held
 some form of ecclesiastical office within a Church that afforded no clerical status to women.

 What is not so commonly known is that  the Church's regulations als applied to music –
 in particular ancient music which could be traced to cultures other than that of Rome,
 Greece or Lydia. It is by virtue of these implemented regulations that so many of today's
 reference books determine that, for the most part, music evolved either from Greece, or
 from various parts of the Roman Empire.

 It is precisely the same with the English language, which is largely, but quite erroneously,
 said to derive from Greek or Latin. To cement this notion very firmly into our culture, we
 are taught from the classical literature of Homer and Virgil - but what is always forgotten
 is that both the Greek and Roman languages themselves evolved from other, far older,
 sources. Much of the language of Europe, including the English language, can be traced
 back into Phoenicia, Syria, Egypt, India and Mesopotamia - with many of the word stems
 being thousands of years old.

 In the world of music, we have the very same scenario and, by virtue of  discoveries made
 in the past few decades, there is no doubt that structured and sequenced music played a
 major role way back in the days of the Babylonian kingdoms and beyond. Silver pipes, bells
 and drums, along with beautifully ornamented harps and lyres, have all been unearthed in
 ancient Sumer from graves dating back five or six thousand years, and it is known that
 lutes were also used.

 Buried along with kings and queens of the Dragon succession, these finely produced
 instruments were clearly ceremonial, and would appear to have been used in ancient
 Star Fire and Fire-stone rituals described in Genesis of the Grail Kings. The Fire-stone
 ritual (the ritual of the goddess Antu - or Barat An-na) was largely a levitation ceremony
 conducted with the monatomic, superconductive element of the Highward Fire-stone
(the White Powder of Gold).

 Even in modern times, music has been used to perform levitational feats - notably in
 Tibet, where prohibitively large stone blocks have been lifted and positioned high in the
 mountains by using anti-gravitational sound frequencies. The ritual involves 19 musicians
 and, behind them, 200 monks, radiating outwards in lines (in groups of five) at 5-degree
 intervals facing towards a mountain cave.

 The musicians use 13 barrel-drums of variant sizes (weighing up to 150  kilograms apiece)
- suspended from wooden frames and directed towards a bowl-shaped cavity in which the
required boulder is placed, between the musicians and the cave. Also, there are six long
trumpets positioned at intervals between the drummers. On command, the trumpets and
drums begin, with the monks at the rear providing a baffle whilst chanting. The time-span
before levitation of the stone occurs is four minutes and, in this manner, stones have been
lifted some 400 metres to be lowered into their necessary mountain temple positions.

 Having made an intensive study of the intricacies of this ancient procedure, Adrian Wagner
 has recreated a musical enactment in The Phoenix and the Fire-stone track of the Genesis of the
 Grail Kings album - strategically breaking the sequence with a Golden Mean partition and
 concluding immediately before the four-minute deadline. Locked within this are frequencies
 that are so low as to be inaudible to conscious awareness, but which resonate directly with the
 frequency of the pineal gland. This, as many of you will know, is the gland responsible for
 heightened states of awareness and perception.

 Also included within the Genesis album are aspects of musical harmonics which were banned
 by the Vatican in the Middle Ages, subsequent to their use by the Knights Templars and
 Cistercian monks in the construction of their Magdalene-dedicated Notre Dame cathedrals,
 which are noted for their architectural defiance of gravitational theory. The Knights of this
 particular branch of the Templars (constituted by King Baldwin of Jerusalem in 1118) were
 called The Guardian Princes of the Royal Secret.

 One of these musical sequences is the most famous of all - a Tritone dubbed by the Church
 as the 'Devil's Interval'. This is a direct extraction from the discovered harmonic scales of
 ancient Mesopotamian deities, which include the Enki Scale, Enlil Scale, Anu Scale, Marduk
 Scale, Kingu Scale, Inanna Scale and others [See Nexus Audio Reviews, last issue:
 August-September 1999].

 No composer has done so much to preserve the legacy of Ring lore as Adrian's great-great-
 grandfather, Richard Wagner. His renowned 16-hour, 4-part Nibelungen Ring Cycle
 (The Rhinegold, The Valkyrie, Siegfried and Gotterdamerung - The Twilight of the Gods)
 was largely drawn from Burgundian folklore, and to some extent from the very old Norse
 mythology of the Volsunga Saga.

 The Ring's ultimately key character is the warrior Siegfried who, while under the spell of
 a potion, betrays the woman he loves - a goddess turned mortal called Brunhilde - who then
 masterminds his death. Subsequently, however, she realises her error and throws herself upon
 Siegfried's funeral pyre to be with him in eternity. The magical Ring that Siegfried gave to
 Brunhilde is retrieved from the ashes by the Rhinemaidens - the rightful water guardians
 of the gold. And, by virtue of this, along with Brunhilde's self-sacrifice, a hitherto curse (placed
 upon the Ring by Alberic the Nibelung, Dwarf-lord of the Underworld) is  lifted.

 The Ring had originally been stolen from the Rhinemaidens by the Nibelung, who lost it to
 Brunhilde's father, the sky-god Wotan. Then Siegfried had won it by killing a dragon. But, upon
 the final cleansing of the Ring by the Rhinemaidens, Wotan perishes, together with his dream
 kingdom of Valhalla. With the Ring now back in its rightful hands, the world is redeemed and the
 Cycle is complete.

 And so, once again the traditional Ring lore is apparent - just as in Tolkien and the Grail
 stories, for the Ring is finally seen to destroy those who hold it without the right of affinity.
 The golden Ring itself (forged from the enchanted flat-stone of the Rhinegold) had the power
 to afford its master the lordship of all the world, but only at the cost of forsaking love and
 selling his soul to the Ring's awesome power. In terms of the straightforward Messianic line
 of King David and Jesus, the most powerful of the Ring Lords was King Solomon who, in the
 traditional Judaic writings of the Talmud, was said to be the mightiest magician of his age.
 His great wisdom and considered judgement as a sorcerer-king were directly attributed to his
 ownership of an enchanted ring, and the legend of King Solomon's Ring was clearly a major
 inspiration for Tolkien.

 In the same manner as Solomon, Tolkien's Ring Lord, Sauron, used his One Ring to command
 all the demons of the earth. Solomon used the demons to build a Temple of Jerusalem, whilst
 Sauron used them to build the Tower of Mordor. The rings were also similar (as is usual in the
 tradition) in that each had the power to corrupt and destroy its master. Solomon's ring achieves
 his downfall through the agency of the demon Asmodaeus, whereas Sauron is, in effect, his own
 destructive demon.

 Along with the rings, there are also story similarities concerning the possession of light-
 radiating jewels, with Solomon's being the Schamir and the Elf-king Thingol's being the
 Silmaril - each of which is said to be an heirloom of the respective King's race.

 By virtue of such Jewish writings, the Dominican wrath of the Spanish Inquisition (from
 about 1480) was largely directed against the Jews - especially those connected with
 Kabbalistic studies - and it was really s a direct result of this persecution that the
 itch-hunts began.

 Prior to that, the Roman Inquisition had been more concerned with eterodox Christians:
 those heretics who were Christians of one sort or nother (Arians, Nestorians, Nazarenes,
 or whatever), but were not embers of the Roman Church and whose culture revolved, to
 ome extent, round traditions of magic and alchemy that were outside Church control.
 But, here were the Jews putting forward their own versions of the old lore - particularly
 hose in the Narbonne region of the Spanish Marches, here the House of David had once
 een given privileged rights of rincely independence by Emperor Charlemagne. It was
 recognized, therefore, that the net should be cast over a wider arena, so as to take account
 of those of completely different persuasions. It was no longer a matter of the Church simply
 endeavouring to clean up the Christian house. What of the Jews? What of the Muslims?
 What of the pagans in general?

 And so, from the late 15th century, the Inquisition began a thorough process of 'ethnic
 cleansing'. No one who was other than a full-blooded and obvious Catholic was safe. But,
 there had to be some new form of classification to pull all the prey into the ever expanding
 net. The Grand Inquisitor at the time was the brutal Tomâs de Torquemada, senior
 direction the answer was found and, very soon, the friars had set their
 sights upon what it called 'the most diabolical heathens who ever
 conspired to overthrow the Roman Church'.

 In 1484, two Dominicans, Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, published a book called
 The Hammer of Witches. This evil but imaginative work gave full details of what was
 perceived to be the hideous new threat posed by all the practitioners of satanic magic.
 The book was so persuasive that, two years later, Pope Innocent VIII issued an official Bull
 to authorize the suppression of this blasphemous sect. Up to that point, the cult known as
 'witchcraft' (to the extent that it existed at all) had not really constituted a threat to anyone.
  It rested mainly in the continuation of pagan ritual and fertility rites by the peasant classes.

 In real terms, it was little more than the vestige of a primeval belief in the divine power of
 natural forces, focused above all on Pan, the mischievous Arcadian god of the shepherds. Pan
 was traditionally portrayed with the legs, ears and horns of a goat, but the creative Dominicans
 had other ideas about the pipe-playing Horned One, and they blackened his image so that he
 was seen to correspond to the very Devil himself. However, since the Inquisitors were all men,
 it was determined that witchcraft must be a form of depravity linked to the insatiable
 wantonness of women!

 The problem was that nobody really knew who these presumed witches were - and so a series
 of ludicrously tragic trials and tests was devised to root them out. In the midst of all of this,
 the harsh Puritan sect became politically allied to the Roman strategy, implementing their
 own witch-hunts in England and, later, in America. Over a period of some 250 years, more
 than a million innocent men, women and children were murdered by the delegated authority
 of the witch-finders.

 It was against the backdrop of this religious fanaticism and persecution that the Renaissance
 movement was born - an era of rebirth and resurrection  facilitated by an environment of
 democratic free-thinking. This era (with its height in the early 1500s) was the age when
 Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo developed the harmony of classical art to its
 highest form. And it was the age in which the excitement of pagan-orientated scholarship
 re-emerged in a burst of colour to cross new frontiers of science, architecture and design.

 During the course of this, in 1614 and 15, two tracts known as the Rosicrucian Manifestos
 emerged from Germany. These were immediately followed by an associated romance called
 The Chemical Wedding, written by the Lutheran pastor Johann Valentin Andreae. The
 publications announced a new age of enlightenment and Hermetic liberation in which certain
 universal secrets would be unlocked and made known.

 In view of the advent of Britain's scientific Royal Society and the inspired work of Isaac
 Newton, Robert Boyle, Robert Hooke, Edmund Halley, Christopher Wren and others a few
 decades later, the prophecies were correct enough but, at the time, they were veiled in allegory
 and appeared to convey an even more pertinent message. The writings centred upon the
 travels and learning of a mysterious character named Christian Rosenkreutz - a Brother of
 the Rosy Cross. His name was plainly designed to have Rosicrucian significance, and he was
 depicted wearing the apparel of the Knights Templars.

 The action of The Chemical Wedding takes place in the magical Castle of the Bride and
 Bridegroom - a palace filled with lion effigies, where the courtiers are students of Plato.
 In a setting worthy of any Grail romance, the Virgin Lamplighter arranges for all present
  to be weighed on the scales, while a clock tells the motions of the heavens and the Golden
 Fleece is presented to the guests. Music from strings and trumpets is played throughout,
 and all is cloaked in an atmosphere of chivalry, while knights in Holy Orders preside.

 Beneath the castle stands a mysterious sepulchre bearing strange inscriptions, and outside
 in the harbour lie twelve ships of the Golden Stone flying their individual flags of the Zodiac.
 Amid this curious reception, a fantasy play is conducted to tell the compelling story of an
 unnamed princess who, cast ashore in a wooden chest, is discovered by a prince, whom she
 marries, thereby causing a usurped royal heritage to be restored.

 This is another Lost Bride fairy story of the type we have already seen. But, when combined
 with the two earlier publications, The Chemical Wedding's Grail significance was blatantly
 obvious, and the Church wasted no time in bringing the full weight of its condemnation
 against the Rosicrucian movement.

 Having considered the historical fairies, pixies and elves, we can now take a look at some
 others of the so-called Shining Ones: the sprites, goblins and gnomes.

 The definition 'sprite' means no more nor less than a 'spirit person' - one of the transcendental
  realm of the Sidhé. The original Sprites were the ancient Scythian ghost warriors, who painted
 their bodies grey-blue to look like corpses when they entered the battlefield.

 In Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, the character, Puck, is described as a 'sprite'
 and, in traditional English wood lore, Puck is identified with a certain Robin Goodfellow,
 who was said to be a 'goblin'. His father was Herne the Hunter. Hence, Oberon and Herne
 are one and the same. The name, Oberon (a variant of Albrey the Elf-king, as we have seen) is
 itself a derivative of the Scythian Oupire (meaning'over') and Ron (meaning 'reign'). Oberon,
 therefore, means 'Over Reign' - which is the same as High King or Pendragon.

 The description of 'goblin' stems immediately from the Germanic word, 'kobelin' - and the
 'kobelins' were said to be mine-workers or those who worked underground. In the context of the
 Ring culture, goblins were, in essence, attendants of the Oupire Portal Guardians of the Rath –
 the mound dwellings of the Tepes gateways to the ancestral Netherworld - and they were just
 as human as the Oupires themselves.

 Gnomes, like goblins, were said to be the guardians of the underground treasures - which is
 why the word is today associated with banking, as in the Gnomes of Zurich. The word root is
 in the Greek equivalent of gno, from which we get gnosis and gnoble (noble). The gnomes were,
 therefore, once again, of the noble race and were referred to as the Wise Ones. Their job was
 indeed one of guardianship: they were guardians of the gnosis (the knowledge) and of the
 sacred bloodline of the Albi gens. It is by way of the noble (or gnomic) distinction that the fairy
 race in of the Pict-sidhé (the pixies) who were the ultimate custodians of law and culture. Their
 female counterparts were the Behn-sidhé (the Banshee), which, in old Irish, simply means 'wise

 In life, when presented with a seemingly unsurmountable problem, one can either submit to
 the stress and pressure that it causes or, alternatively, one can mentally diminish the problem.
 That does not mean that it goes away, but it can appear less harassing and more controllable.
 Well, that was precisely what the Church did with the Dragon succession: the Ring Lords of the
 Albi gens - the sacred Bloodline of the Holy Grail. By way of redefining all the original names:
 fairies, elves, pixies, gnomes, goblins, sprites or whatever, they diminished the problem by
 miniaturising the nominal significance. In so doing, the transcendental race of the Sidhé were
 portrayed as minute little figures and were moved into the realm of mythology. The fraudulent
 Donation of Constantine was then brought into play and, henceforth, only the Church could
 determine who was and was not a king!

 If this strategy did not work sufficiently on its own, as was indeed the case in the Renaissance
 (a period of a more general awareness and enlightenment), then Part-2 of the plan was brought
 into operation. This was more specifically targeted at the key members of the Messianic strain -
the ultimate Dragon succession of the Albi gens: the dynastic kings and queens of the Sangréal
and their senior Oupires. These people were real, and everyone knew that - so they could not be confined to the superficial realm of fantasy. They could, however, be portrayed as if (being of the
 Dragon blood) they were of a weird, half-human strain, beyond the Christian pale. At best, they
 were perhaps mermaids and, at worst, they were vampires but, either way, they were the evil
 shapeshifting emissaries of Satan!

 The fact that anyone believed such nonsense is difficult to comprehend in these more level-
 headed times. However, the myth is still operative and, to some extent, it is still working with
 a vengeance. It is even working on some whose apparent mission in life is to expose such
 propagandist dogma, but who (by way if its own cleverly contrived strategy) have actually
 fallen prey to it. In this regard, at this very moment, there are some well-known, supposedly
 intelligent folk, who should know better, claiming that the British Royal Family, along with
 myself and others, are really hideous reptiles from another planet!

 One of the most surprising things about the Scythian Ring Lords is that their preserved
 remains from thousands of years ago (discovered even as far north as Siberia) show their
 bodies substantially tattooed with ring-tailed lemurs. Lemurs, we are led to believe, are
 native to (and pretty much restricted to) Madagascar and the Comoros Islands off Mozambique
but here they are, where we are told they never were, in Northern Europe and the Black Sea

 It has long been known that there was once a continent, inhabited by a great king-tribe,
 which was noted for its lemurs. Hence, it has been dubbed 'Lemuria' - setting a good many
 enthusiasts searching for its sunken whereabouts beneath the Atlantic, Pacific or Indian
 Oceans, as if it were the Lost City of Atlantis. Maybe such a concealed territory does  exist.
 However, the fact is that (by whatever name it was once known) the mightiest Lemurian
 land tract was never lost. It was the great mainland continent which still exists today –
 stretching across eastern Europe through the one-time USSR.

 This was the original realm of the great Ring Lords - tracing back to about 40,000 BC –
 the homeland of the Oupires of the Pict-sidhé. It was the land of the mighty Warlords
 of the Dragon before they migrated and battled their way southwards in the ever cooling
 climate of the last Ice Age. Undoubtedly, the environment was once very warm there, as is
 proved by the fact that the lemurs travelled about as far south as they could possibly go by
 land before Madagascar and the Comoros broke away from the southern African mainland.

 What did these early God-kings look like? Well, they are now thoroughly identifiable from
 their preserved remains, which have been excavated at various sites from as far afield as
 Transylvania and Tibet. With their light-brown to red hair and pale eyes, the leather-clad men
 stood at least 6ft 6ins and upwards, while even the women were over 6ft tall. Undoubtedly,
 these forebears of the Gaelic and Celtic High-kings were among the most awesome warriors
 of all history.

 Of particular interest is the fact that the Anunnaki gods were as much a part of the Sidhé
 culture as they were of the Mesopotamian tradition. It was not for no reason that the
 settlement of Anu was hundreds of miles north of Sumer on the Caspian Sea. It was not for
 no reason that the ancient centre of Scythopolis (Sidhé-opolis), which the Syrians called
 Beth-Shean (the House of Power), was 800 miles away in Galilee.

 Indeed, It is now suspected that the Ubaid culture of southern Mesopotamia - the culture
 which introduced municipal structure from about 5000 BC - was actually the 'Uper-ad' culture:
 that of the Scythian Overlords - the Upers (or Oupires). It is also reckoned that the subsequent
 culture of the region, phonetically called 'Sumerian' (pronounced Shumerian), was actually
 Sidhé-murian (Shee-murian). In fact, the case for this is now considerable, since the early
 Ring Lords of Scythia (the Tuatha Dé Danann king-tribe) were actually called the Sumaire.
 And in the language of old Ireland - to where many of the caste migrated - the word sumaire
 meant 'dragon'.

 So, why have we not learned about these people in our histories? The answer is straightforward.
 They were, in practice, the real Elves and Fairies of our heritage, but their story was quashed
 from the earliest days of Roman suppression and subjugation - as the diminution of their
 figures caused a parallel diminution of their history.

 The fact is, however, that for all we have been told about our cultural  identity being from the
 classical scholarship of Greece, or from the  imperial majesty of Rome, these things are entirely
 untrue. Such establishments appeared very late in the day. The true sovereign heritage
 of our culture - the culture from which derived all the so-called myth and legend which sits so
 comfortably within our race memory (no matter what the Church and academics might say in
 their attempts to sway us) - comes from one place alone. It comes from a place and time that
 might just as well be called Middle Earth as by any other name. It comes from the long distant
 Realm of the Ring Lords.

Sir Laurence Gardner © 1999

Sir Laurence’s Mythic Domain: